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Glossary
Find the meanings of abnormal words or acronyms in our glossary!
 
Greek Gods/Goddess
Greek Roman Definition
Aphrodite Venus Goddess of love, beauty, and fertility
Apollo Apollo God of Music
Asklepios Aesculapius God of health and medicine
Rhea Cybele A mother goddess of fertility, energy, and healing
Demeter Ceres Goddess of the earth and harvests, responsible for the growth and fertility of fruit and crops
Dionysos Liber God of wine, drama, and madness
Eros Cupid God of love; son of Aphrodite/Venus
Hades Pluto God of the underworld; kidnapped Persephone/Proserpine against her will and married her
Hera Juno oddess of marriage and motherhood; wife of Zeus/Jupiter
Herakles Hercules A strong, courageous hero who was half human and half god; performed twelve great labors
Hermes Mercury Messenger of the gods
Hygeia Hygeia Goddess of health; daughter of Asklepios
Persephone Proserpina Daughter of Demeter/Ceres; helped her mother care for harvests and growing things until kidnapped by Hades/Pluto and taken to the underworld to be his wife
Zeus Jupiter Chief god of Mount Olympus
Uranus Coelus TBA
Artemis Diana TBA
Lato Latona TBA
Ares Mars Roman God of War
Athena Minerva Virgin goddess of war
Poseidon Neptune God of the Sea
Cronus Saturn Jupiters Father. (Ancient Italian Deity)
Odysseus Ulysses TBA
Hestia Vesta Goddess of hearth
Hephaestus Vulcan God of Fire and Volcanoes


The OLYMPIANS - in order of importance/birth:  

Zeus:  
ruler of the gods and Mount Olympus. -god of the sky- symbols: eagle and lightening bolt
  
Hera:
wife of Zeus  (she's also his sister)- goddess of marriage - symbols:  peacock and cow
  
Poseidon:
brother of Zeus - god of the sea - his weapon was a trident, which could shake the earth and shatter any object
  
Hades:
brother of Zeus - god of the underworld

Hestia:
sister of Zeus - goddess of hearth and home

Aphrodite:
born from the sea foam - goddess of love and beauty - wife of Hephaestus - symbols:  myrtle tree, dove, swan and sparrow  

Athena:

daughter of Zeus (sprang from his head, fully clothed in armor) - goddess of wisdom, handicrafts and agriculture - symbols:  olive tree and owl  

Ares:
son of Zeus and Hera - god of war - symbols are the vulture and the dog

Hephaestus:
son of Zeus and Hera - god of forge and fire - husband of Aphrodite
  
Apollo:
son of Zeus and the nymph, Leto -god of light and music - symbols:  laurel tree, crow and dolphin 
  
Artemis:
daughter of Zeus and the nymph, Leto (twin sister of Apollo) - goddess of the moon -symbols:  cyprus tree and deer  

Hermes:
son of Zeus and Maia (one of Atlas' seven daughters) - god of thieves and commerce -fastest god, with his winged sandals... acted as messenger for the gods 

LESSER GODS:
in alphabetical order:  

  • Herakles:  
    son of Zeus and the mortal woman Alcemene - strongest of all mortals (and most gods) - became an immortal at the end of his life/ welcomed onto Olympus where he married the goddess Hebe  (one of the lesser goddesses)
      
  • King Midas:  
    asked the god Dionysus to turn his touch to gold. 

  • Pan:  
    son of the god Hermes -god of goatherds and shepherds  


LESSER GODDESSES 
in alphabetical order:  

  • Demeter:  
    daughter of Cronus and Rhea (titans) -goddess of corn, grain and the harvest.  

  • Eos:  
    daughter of the titans Theia and Hyperion - goddess of the dawn.  
      
  • Eris:  
    daughter of Zeus and Hera, sister to Ares.  (all Olympians) - goddess of discord 
      
  • Hebe:  
    daughter of Zeus and Hera (both Olympians) - goddess of youth - wife of Herakles. (lesser god/hero)
     
  • Iris:  
    sister of the Harpies - goddess of the rainbow.    

  • Nike:  
    goddess of victory.    

  • Persephone:  
    daughter of Zeus (one of the Olympians) and Demeter (see above) - goddess of Spring. unwilling bride of Hades (one of the Olympians).

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